In the last three centuries, 90% of all people living in the Western world have switched from tea to coffee.

A brief history of coffee

600 Coffee makes its migration from Ethiopia to Arabia.
1000 The philosopher Avicenna first describes the medicinal qualities of coffee, which he refers to as bunchum.
1300 Islamic monks brew qawha, a brew of hot water and roasted coffee beans.
1470 – 1500 Coffee use spreads to Mecca and Medina.
1517 Sultan Selim I introduces coffee to Constantinople after conquering Egypt.
1554 Constantinople’s first coffee houses open.
1570 – 1580 Coffee houses in Constantinople ordered closed by religious authorities.
1600 Baba Budan, a Moslem pilgrim, introduces coffee to southern India.
1616 Coffee is brought from Mocha to Holland.
1645 The first coffee house opens in Venice.
1650 The first coffee house opens in England (at Oxford).
1658 The Dutch begin cultivating coffee in Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
1668 Coffee is introduced to North America.
1669 Coffee catches on in Paris when a Turkish ambassador spend a year at the court of Louis XIV.
1670 Coffee is introduced to Germany.
1674 The Women’s Petition Against Coffee is introduced in London.
1675 King Charles II orders all London coffee houses closed, calling them places of sedition.
1679 Marseilles’ physicians try to discredit coffee, claiming it is harmful to health
The first coffee house in Germany opens in Hamburg.
1689 The first enduring Parisian café, Café de Procope, opens.
1696 The King’s Arms, New York’s first coffee house, opens,
1706 The first samples of coffee grown in Java are brought back to Amsterdam.
1714 A coffee plant, raised from a seed of the Java samples, is presented by the Dutch to Louis XIV and maintained in the Jardin des Plantes in Paris.
1720 The still-enduring Caffe Florian opens in Florence.
1723 Gabriel de Clieu brings a coffee seedling from France to Martinique.
1727 Francisco de Mello Palheta brings seeds and plants from French Guiana to Brazil.
1730 The English bring coffee cultivation to Brazil.
1732 Bach composes The Coffee Cantata, parodying the German panaroia over coffee’s growing popularity.
1777 Prussia’s Frederick the Great issues a manifesto denouncing coffee in favor of the national drink, beer.
1809 The first coffee imported from Brazil arrives in Salem, Mass.
1869 Coffee leaf rust appears in Ceylon. Within 10 years the disease destroys most of the plantations in India, Ceylon and other parts of Asia.
1873 The first successful national brand of packaged roast ground coffee, Ariosa, is marketed by John Arbuckle.
1882 The New York Coffee Exchange commences business.
1904 The modern espresso machine is invented by Fernando Illy.
1906 Brazil withholds some coffee from the market in an attempt to boost global prices
1910 German decaffeinated coffee is introduced to the U.S. by Merck & Co., under the name Dekafa.
1911 American coffee roasters organize into a national association, the precursor to the National Coffee Association.
1928 The Colombian Coffee Federation is established.
1938 Nestle technicians in Brazil invent Nescafe, the first commercially successful instant coffee.
1941 – 1945 U.S. troops bring instant coffee to a global audience.
1959 Juan Valdez becomes the face of Colombian coffee.
1962 Peak in American per-capita coffee consumption — more than three cups a day.
1964 First Tim Horton’s opens in Hamilton, Ont.
1971 First Starbucks opens in Seattle.
1973 First fair-trade coffee is imported to Europe from Guatemala.
1975 Global coffee prices rise dramatically after Brazil suffers a severe frost
Second Cup makes its debut in Canada.
1989 International Coffee Agreement collapses as world prices drop to an historic low.
early 1990s Specialty coffee catches on in the U.S.
mid 1990s Organic coffee becomes the fastest growing segment of the specialty coffee industry.
1997 Tim Horton’s introduces first specialty coffees, English Toffee and French Vanilla flavored cappuccinos.
1998 Starbucks approaches 2,000 U.S. outlets, with as many planned for Asia and Europe.